Elena P. Koudryavtseva – Doctor of Historical Sciences, leading research worker in the department “Russia in international relations” in the Institute of Russian History of The Russian Academy of Sciences. 117036, Moscow, ul. Dm. Ulyanov, 19. E-mail: email@example.com.
The article is devoted to activity of orthodox priests in Russian embassies and missions. All Russian embassies in Europe had churches and family chapels with the personnel. They sub-mitted to ambassadors or heads of Russian missions, were accountable to the Russian Foreign Ministry that paid them salary. Most of the Holy Synod also controlled them. During the reign of Nicholas I the priests were appointed to those eastern countries with whom Russia wanted to open up diplomatic relations. The greatest number of cleric was in the Ottoman Empire and Greece. Churches and church services in these countries had to be examples for orthodox communities for the Balkan Slavic population where orthodox church services are usually non-canonical. Special attention should be paid to the Russian Orthodox Ecclesiastical Mission in China that also served as a diplomatic mission there. During the second quarter several Orthodox Ecclesiastical Mission were established in China and remained there for a long time, while Russia still had no diplomatic relations with China. The article is based on documents from the Archive of foreign policy of Russian Empire that have never been engaged in scientific researches. The theme of clerics’ membership in Russian embassies has never been studied before (except for few works concerning Russian clergy in the Holy Land). The large scale of materials that shows an important role of embassy clerics make it possible to significantly broaden the study of the activity of the Russian representational offices.
Key words: Russian embassy, missions, Orthodox Church, priests, chapel, Russian ministry of international relations.
1. Bogdanova T.A. Russkoe pravoslavnoe dukhovenstvo pri posol’skikh tserkvakh v zapadnoi Evrope kak faktor mezhkul’turnogo obshcheniia [Russian Orthodox clergy at the embassy churches in Western Europe as a factor of intercultural communication]. Literaturnye vzaimosviazi Rossii XVIII–XIX vv.: po materialam rossiiskikh i zarubezhnykh arkhivokhranilishch [Literary interrelations of Russia XVIII-XIX centuries: on the materials of Russian and foreign archives]. Moscow, Literatura Publ., 2015. Pp. 150–166. (In Russian)
2. Gorbacheva K.A. Rossiiskaia pravoslavnaia dukhovnaia missiia v Kitae v 1820–1930-e gody [Russian Orthodox spiritual mission in China in the 1820s- 1930s]. Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, 2017, no. 1, pp. 147–161. (In Russian)
3. Emets V.A. Ministerstvo inostrannykh del Rossii [Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia]. Mezhdunarodnaia zhizn’, 2000, no. 1, pp. 38–49. (In Russian)
4. Kudriavtseva E.P. Russkie na Bosfore. Rossiiskoe posol’stvo v Konstantinopole v pervoi polovine XIX veka [The Russians are on the Bosporus. The Russian embassy in Constantinople in the first half of the XIX century]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2010. 347 p. (In Russian)
5. Lisovoi N.N. Russkoe dukhovnoe i politicheskoe prisutstvie v Sviatoi Zemle i na Blizhnem Vostoke v XIX–nachale XX v [Russian spiritual and political presence in the Holy Land and the Middle East in the XIX-early XX century]. Moscow, Indrik Publ., 2006. 510 p. (In Russian)
6. Ocherki istorii ministerstva inostrannykh del Rossii [Essays on the history of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia]. Vol. 1. Moscow, Olma-press Publ., 2002. 606 p. (In Russian)
7. Churkina I.V. Protoierei Mikhail Fedorovich Raevskii i iugoslaviane [Archpriest Mikhail Fedorovich Raevsky and the Yugoslavs]. Moscow, Indrik Publ., 2011. 200 p. (In Russian)