Американская интервенция на Русском Севере (1918–1919 гг.): перекресток мнений

Иванов Андрей Александрович – к.и.н., доцент Мурманского института экономики Санкт-Петербургской академии управления и экономики. E-mail: bishop-1985@list.ru
 
 
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Статья посвящена историографии американского военного вмешательства на Европейском Севере России в период Гражданской войны. Автором охаракте- ризованы ведущие научные и научно-популярные работы по данной тематике с первой четверти XX в. до нашего времени, проанализированы основные идеи и системы взглядов американских историков. В статье выявлены общие тенденции развития исторических представлений о месте и роли США в данном конфликте.

Ключевые слова: историография, США, интервенция, гражданская. война, дипломатия.

Примечания
1. The New-York Times. 1918. September 15, 17.
2. The New-York Times. 1918. June 17.
3. The New-York Times. 1918. July 7.
4. The New-York Times. 1918. May 25; August 11.
5. The National Archive of the United States. Record Group 120. Roll 1. File 11.4-B. P. 5-7.
6. Francis D.R. Russia from the American Embassy, April 1916 – November 1918. New-York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1922. P. 335.
7. Schuman F.L. American Policy Towards Russia Since 1917: A Study of Diplomatic History, International Law and Public Opinion. New-
York: International Publishers, 1928. P. 80-85.
8. Rhodes B.D. The Anglo-American War with Russia, 1918–1919: A Diplomatic and Military Tragicomedy. New-York: Greenwood Press,
1988. P. 20.
9. Beals B.S. Coalition Warfare During the Allied Intervention in North Russia, 1918–1919. Fort Leavenworth: Command and General
Staff College, 1981. P. 5.
10. Bullock D. The Russian Civil War, 1918–1922. Oxford: Osprey, 2008. P. 96.
11. Ward G.F. New Light on the American Expedition to Russia of 1918. Lubbock: Texas Technological College, 1931. P. 22-23.
12. Ibid. P. 37-38.
13. Plotke A.J. Imperial spies invade Russia: The British Intelligence Interventions, 1918. London: Greenwood Press, 1993. P. 60
14. Ward G.F. Op. cit. P. 39.
15. Ibid. P. 33-34.
16. Strakhovsky L.I. The Origins of American Intervention in North Russia (1918). Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1937. P. 29.
17. Ibid. P. 37.
18. Ibid. P. 42.
19. Ibid. P. 56.
20. Calhoun F.S. Power and Principle: Armed Intervention in Wilsonian Foreign Policy. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1986. P. 193.
21. Davis D., Trani E. The First Cold War: The Legacy of Woodrow Wilson in U.S.-Soviet Relations. Columbia: University of Missouri Press,
2002. 329 p.
22. Ibid. P. XV.
23. Ibid. P. 136-137.
24. Bailey T. A Diplomatic History of the American People. New-York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1958. P. 636.
25. Farnsworth B. William C. Bullitt and the Soviet Union. Bloomington: Indiana University Press , 1967. P. 28.
26. Thompson J.M. Russia, Bolsheviks and the Versailles Pease. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967. 429 p.
27. Ibid. P. 40.
28. Rhodes B.D. A Prophet in the Russian Wilderness: The Mission of Consul Felix Cole at Archangel, 1917–1919. // The Review of Politics.
1984. No64. P. 388-409.; Kennan G.F. The Decision to Intervene. Princeton: Princeton Univer¬sity Press, 1958. P. 364-365.; Allison W.
American diplomats in Russia: case studies in Orphan Diplomacy, 1916–1919. Westport: Praeger Publishers, 1997. P. 138.
29. Rhodes B.D. The Anglo-American War with Russia, 1918–1919: A Diplomatic and Military Tragicomedy. New-York: Greenwood Press,
1988 P. 2-3.
30. Allison W. Op. cit. P. 75, 106, 131
31. Kennan G.F. Op. cit. P. 38.
32. Willett R.L. Russian Sideshow: America's Undeclared War, 1918–1920. Virginia: Potomoc Books, 2003. P. XXIX.
33. Ibid. P. XIV.
34. Lang A.F. Agency and ethics: the politics of military intervention. – Albany: State University of New-York Press, 2002. P. 31.
35. Ibid. P. 33.